Arthroscopic knee fusion is a procedure that surgically joins together the knee’s tibia and femur. This procedure is performed with a minimally invasive method that utilizes an arthroscope (a narrow tube with a video camera on its end) inserted through small incisions in order to guide the surgeon through the procedure. The goal of an arthroscopic knee fusion procedure is to keep the knee in place in order to reduce pain and discomfort.
Also Known As:
- Arthroscopic knee arthrodesis
- Knee arthroplasty
Conditions Treated with Arthroscopic Knee Fusion:
Arthroscopic knee fusion can help to treat conditions such as failed knee replacement, a knee injury, chronic sepsis and knee pain. It can also be used to help treat arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis of the knee.
Non-surgical approaches that can be utilized instead of arthroscopic knee fusion include pain medication, strength training, physical therapy, steroid injections and hyaluronic acid injections. In some cases, losing weight or using a soft knee brace can also be beneficial. A surgical alternative to arthroscopic knee fusion is total knee replacement (knee arthroplasty).
Anesthesia with Arthroscopic Knee Fusion:
Arthroscopic knee fusion is performed under either epidural anesthesia or general anesthesia.
Potential Complications from Arthroscopic Knee Fusion:
Possible complications of arthroscopic knee fusion include bleeding, infection, and a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used. In some cases, the patient can experience reduced mobility in the knee. It is also possible for the fusion to be unsuccessful.
Prognosis after Arthroscopic Knee Fusion:
The prognosis for a positive end result for patients undergoing arthroscopic knee fusion is very good. Most patients experience a reduction in knee pain.
Recovery from Arthroscopic Knee Fusion:
The recovery time for arthroscopic knee fusion is eight to 12 weeks.