During arthroscopic knee synovectomy, inflamed membrane that lines the knee is removed. This procedure is performed with a minimally invasive method that utilizes an arthroscope (a narrow tube with a video camera on its end) inserted through small incisions in order to guide the surgeon through the procedure.
Also Known As:
- Knee arthroscopy
- Arthroscopic surgery
- Knee surgery
Conditions Treated with Arthroscopic Knee Synovectomy:
Arthroscopic knee synovectomy is utilized in order to treat synovitis, pigmented villondular synovitis, hemophilia, and arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis of the knee.
Non-surgical alternatives to arthroscopic knee synovectomy include pain medication and anti-inflammatory steroid injections. Total or partial knee replacement and knee fusion are surgical alternatives.
Anesthesia with Arthroscopic Knee Synovectomy:
Arthroscopic knee synovectomy can be performed with epidural anesthesia. It can also be performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Arthroscopic Knee Synovectomy:
Possible risks following arthroscopic knee synovectomy include infection, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used. It is also possible to experience joint scarring and reduced knee mobility.
Prognosis after Arthroscopic Knee Synovectomy:
The prognosis for a positive end result follow arthroscopic knee synovectomy is good. However, the synovium will likely become inflamed again in the future.