A minimally invasive procedure, coronary angioplasty involves the removal of plaque from a blocked coronary artery. To perform the procedure, a catheter is inserted into the groin area and directed to the area with the blockage. A balloon is then inflated to push the plaque to the sides of the arterial wall.
Also Known As:
- Heart surgery
- Artery surgery
- Heart and artery surgery
Conditions Treated with Coronary Angioplasty:
Coronary angioplasty may be performed in cases of coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis.
Non-surgical alternatives to coronary angioplasty include dietary changes, weight loss, lifestyle changes, blood pressure medication, blood thinners and vasodilators. Coronary artery bypass is a surgical alternative to the procedure.
Anesthesia with Coronary Angioplasty:
Coronary angioplasty is performed with a local anesthetic and sedation.
Potential Complications from Coronary Angioplasty:
Possible risks following coronary angioplasty include heart attack, stroke, restenosis, heart arrhythmia, damage to blood vessels, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible to experience a negative reaction to the dye used and to need an emergency coronary artery bypass graft.
Prognosis after Coronary Angioplasty:
The prognosis for a positive end result following coronary angioplasty is good for immediate relief. However, approximately 40 percent of patients experience the buildup of plaque after the procedure.
Recovery from Coronary Angioplasty:
Recovery from coronary angioplasty takes about one week.