During heart valve repair surgery, malfunctioning heart valves that are blocked, narrowed, or leaking are repaired. There are four valves in the heart, which are responsible for pumping blood through the organ. The aortic and mitral valves are the two that are most commonly repaired.
Also Known As:
- Heart surgery
- Heart valve surgery
- Cardiac surgery
Conditions Treated with Heart Valve Repair:
Heart valve repair is utilized in order to treat heart valve diseases such as mitral valve regurgitation (when the mitral valve does not close tightly, resulting in blood flowing backward into the heart), valvular stenosis (narrowed valve) and mitral valve prolapse (when the valves stretch out and leak).
Sometimes, close monitoring by a doctor is all that is needed for a patient with heart valve disease. Taking medications can also help manage accompanying conditions, like high blood pressure. Different types of heart valve disease have alternatives – for example, balloon valvotomy is a surgical alternative for the treatment of valvular stenosis.
Anesthesia with Heart Valve Repair:
Heart valve repair is performed with general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Heart Valve Repair:
Possible risks following heart valve replacement include infection, blood clotting and a negative reaction to the anesthesia.
Prognosis after Heart Valve Repair:
The prognosis for a positive end result following heart valve repair is good.
Recovery from Heart Valve Repair:
Total recovery following heart valve repair is four to six weeks. Patients will likely need to take blood thinner medications regularly.