A hip replacement removes damaged cartilage and bone in the hip and replaces it with parts made of plastic, metal, or ceramic for durability. The prosthetic hip is made up of three parts that work to replace the hip socket, replace the head of the femur, and attach to the shaft of the bone to keep it stable.
Also Known As:
- Hip arthroplasty
- Hip surgery
- Total hip replacement
Conditions Treated with Hip Replacement Surgery:
Hip replacement surgery is performed to treat conditions like hip joint tumors, hip fractures, severe pain, hip dislocation, immobility, or arthritis, osteoarthritis, or rheumatoid arthritis of the hip.
Non-surgical alternatives to hip replacement surgery include anti-inflammatory medications, pain medications, strength training, physical therapy, a hip brace and steroid and hyaluronic acid injections. Surgical alternatives to hip replacement include hip resurfacing, hip fusion, and hip osteotomy.
Anesthesia with Hip Replacement Surgery:
Hip replacement surgery is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Hip Replacement Surgery:
Possible complications following hip replacement surgery can include infection, bleeding, or a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible to experience absorption of bone around the artificial joint, inflammation around the joint, or dislocation. Some patients do not experience an improvement in mobility following the procedure.
Prognosis after Hip Replacement Surgery:
The prognosis for a positive end result following hip replacement surgery is excellent. However, one in 10 patients needs revision surgery later.