During aortic valve replacement surgery, a malfunctioning heart valve is replaced with an artificial mechanical valve, or with a biological valve from an animal or human donor.
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Conditions Treated with Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery:
Aortic valve replacement surgery is utilized to treat heart valve disease, bicuspid aortic valve and congenital valve disorder. It is also used to treat a valve that has been damaged due to rheumatic fever or a bacterial infection.
There are no comparable non-surgical or surgical alternatives to aortic valve replacement surgery.
Anesthesia with Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery:
Aortic valve replacement surgery is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery:
Possible risks following aortic valve replacement surgery include infection, bleeding, scarring and a negative reaction to the anesthesia.
Prognosis after Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery:
The prognosis for a positive end result following aortic valve replacement surgery is good. Mechanical valves last longer than biological ones. However, patients will need to take anticoagulants indefinitely.
Recovery from Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery:
The total recovery from aortic valve replacement surgery is six to eight weeks.