A minimally invasive procedure, temporomandibular joint discectomy consists of removing or repairing a herniated disc that pads the jaw joint. This procedure uses small incisions and an arthroscope to visualize the area, rather than a large incision.
Also Known As:
- Temporomandibular joint arthroscopy
- TMJ discectomy
Conditions Treated with Temporomandibular Joint Discectomy:
Temporomandibular joint discectomy is utilized to treat temporomandibular joint disc herniation.
Non-surgical alternatives to temporomandibular joint discectomy include icing, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, dietary restrictions and using a bite guard. Temporomandibular joint replacement is a surgical alternative.
Anesthesia with Temporomandibular Joint Discectomy:
Temporomandibular joint discectomy is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Temporomandibular Joint Discectomy:
Possible risks following temporomandibular joint discectomy include infection, bleeding, swelling and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible to experience partial hearing loss, cranial nerve damage and vertigo. Some patients require dietary restrictions or an occlusal splint.
Prognosis after Temporomandibular Joint Discectomy:
The prognosis for a positive end result following temporomandibular joint discectomy is good.
Recovery from Temporomandibular Joint Discectomy:
Recovery time for temporomandibular joint discectomy is two to three weeks, but complete recovery can take several months.