During knee fusion, the femur and tibia are permanently joined together with screws. This locks the knee in place and reduces pain.
Also Known As:
- Knee joint fusion
- Joint fusion-knee
- Knee arthrodesis
- Knee surgery
Conditions Treated with Knee Fusion:
Knee fusion is performed to treat conditions such as chronic sepsis, severe pain and knee injuries, in addition to arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis of the knee.
Non-surgical alternatives to knee fusion include physical therapy, strength training, pain medications and hyaluronic acid or anti-inflammatory steroid injections. For some patients, losing weight, wearing a knee brace, or using a walking aid can help. Additionally, total knee replacement is a surgical alternative to knee fusion.
Anesthesia with Knee Fusion:
Knee fusion can be performed under epidural anesthesia or general anesthesia.
Potential Complications from Knee Fusion:
Possible risks of knee fusion include infection, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used. It is also possible for the patient to experience reduced mobility. In some cases, the fusion fails and the bones do not grow together as intended.
Prognosis after Knee Fusion:
The prognosis for a positive end result following knee fusion is very good. For most patients, knee pain is relieved.
Recovery from Knee Fusion:
The total recovery time for knee fusion is eight to 12 weeks.