A knee replacement removes damaged cartilage and bone in the knee and replaces it with parts made of plastic, metal, or ceramic for durability. The replacement joint is in three parts so that it can replace the end of the shinbone, the end of the thighbone, and the kneecap.
Also Known As:
- Knee surgery
- Total knee replacement
Conditions Treated with Knee Replacement Surgery:
Knee replacement surgery is utilized for patients who are suffering from severe pain or immobility. It is also used to manage arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis of the knee.
Non-surgical alternatives to knee replacement surgery include anti-inflammatory medications and injections, as well as physical therapy. Knee fusion may be used as a surgical alternative to knee replacement surgery.
Anesthesia with Knee Replacement Surgery:
Knee replacement surgery can be performed under local anesthesia. It may also be performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Knee Replacement Surgery:
Possible risks of knee replacement surgery include infection, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used. Other complications could include blood clotting, numbness and rejection of the replacement.
Prognosis after Knee Replacement Surgery:
The prognosis for a positive end result following knee replacement surgery is good.
Recovery from Knee Replacement Surgery:
Recovery time following knee replacement surgery is about three to five days, with comfortable walking taking place about six weeks after surgery.