During deep brain stimulation, an electrode is surgically implanted into the brain in order to send electrical signals to the area of the brain that is in control of movement. This blocks abnormal signals that can cause tremors. During the procedure, the surgeon uses either computer tomography or magnetic resonance to determine where to place the wire, which is connected underneath the skin to a battery pack that is in the collarbone area.
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Conditions Treated with Deep Brain Stimulation:
Deep brain stimulation is utilized to treat essential tremors, cluster headaches, dystonia and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
A non-surgical alternative to deep brain stimulation is dopamine, a prescription drug that works as a neurotransmitter. Additionally, surgical alternatives include both thalamotomy and pallidotomy by stereotactic radiosurgery.
Anesthesia with Deep Brain Stimulation:
Deep brain stimulation is done with local anesthesia.
Potential Complications from Deep Brain Stimulation:
Possible risks of deep brain stimulation include weakness, infection, wire displacement and intracranial bleeding. It is also possible for patients to experience temporary side effects such as speech problems, confusion and loss of balance.
Prognosis after Deep Brain Stimulation:
The prognosis for a positive end result following deep brain stimulation is good.