Balloon angioplasty valvuloplasty uses a balloon attached to a catheter to enter the heart through an artery. Once the balloon is in place, it is then repeatedly inflated and deflated so that it can break up valve leaflets that are fused together. This allows the valve to open more effectively.
Also Known As:
- Balloon angioplasty
- Balloon surgery
Conditions Treated with Balloon Angioplasty Valvuloplasty:
Balloon angioplasty valvuloplasty is utilized to treat heart valve disease, like valve stenosis or narrowing of the valve
While there are no non-surgical alternatives to balloon angioplasty valvuloplasty, a surgical alternative is heart valve repair surgery.
Anesthesia with Balloon Angioplasty Valvuloplasty:
Balloon angioplasty valvuloplasty is performed while the patient is under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Balloon Angioplasty Valvuloplasty:
The complications that can arise from balloon angioplasty valvuloplasty are similar to that of any other surgical procedure and include the risks of bleeding, infection, and a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used.
Prognosis for Balloon Angioplasty Valvuloplasty:
The prognosis for a positive end result following balloon angioplasty valvuloplasty is good, but patients will need to take anticoagulants for an extended period of time in order to prevent blood clots.