A cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is used during heart surgery such as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). This method interrupts the blood flow through the lungs and heart and takes over their function with the use of a pump and oxygenator. This allows the pump to provide blood to the rest of the body during the procedure.
Also Known As:
Conditions Treated with Cardiopulmonary Bypass:
Cardiopulmonary bypass is utilized during cardiac surgeries, such as a coronary artery bypass.
There are no non-surgical alternatives to cardiopulmonary bypass. However, minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass is a surgical alternative.
Anesthesia with Cardiopulmonary Bypass:
Cardiopulmonary bypass is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Cardiopulmonary Bypass:
Potential risks of cardiopulmonary bypass include bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used. Other potential complications include arrhythmia, mechanical failure and pulmonary embolism. Heart damage and lung damage are also possibilities.
Prognosis after Cardiopulmonary Bypass:
The prognosis for a positive end result following a cardiopulmonary bypass is good. Although there are many possible complications, they are typically avoided with preventative care and measures.
Recovery from Cardiopulmonary Bypass:
The total recovery time varies according to the type of cardiac surgery that accompanies a cardiopulmonary bypass. In general, recovery time is about six to eight weeks.