A splenectomy is the surgical removal of the spleen in the upper left area of the abdomen. This procedure can consist of removing the entire spleen or only a portion of it.
Also Known As:
Conditions Treated with a Splenectomy:
A splenectomy is utilized to remove a spleen that is diseased or damaged. It is used in patients with congenital or acquired hemolytic anemia or hypersplenism, or in those who have experienced trauma to the spleen or a spontaneous rupture. It can also be utilized in patients with blood disorders and some types of cancers.
Some conditions can be managed with medications, but there are no real comparable non-surgical or surgical alternatives to a splenectomy.
Anesthesia with a Splenectomy:
A splenectomy is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from a Splenectomy:
Possible risks following a splenectomy include bleeding, infection and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible to experience blood clots and injury to nearby organs.
Prognosis after a Splenectomy:
The prognosis for a positive end result following a splenectomy is good.
Recovery from a Splenectomy:
The total recovery time after a splenectomy is four to six weeks.