During a colostomy, an opening (stoma) is made in the abdominal wall to allow stool to move through it from the intestine and into a bag that is attached to the abdomen. This bowel diversion procedure is performed after part of the large intestine has been removed.
Also Known As:
Conditions Treated with a Colostomy:
A colostomy may be performed for patients who are suffering from colorectal cancer, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, or a bowel instruction. It can also be utilized in cases of an abdominal infection or injury or trauma to the large intestine.
There are no non-surgical alternatives to a colostomy. However, surgical alternatives can include an internal colo-anal pouch or continent ileostomy.
Anesthesia with a Colostomy:
A colostomy is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from a Colostomy:
Potential complications from a colostomy include infection, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible for the patient to experience an incisional hernia.
Prognosis after a Colostomy:
The prognosis for a positive end result following a colostomy is good. However, it can take up to a year for the patient to adjust to the colostomy bag.