During embolization, blood flow is stopped in a managed approach, often with the use of latex balloons, chemical agents, or metal coils.
Also Known As:
- Hemorrhage procedure
Conditions Treated with Embolization:
Embolization may be performed in cases of trauma, cerebral aneurysm, postpartum hemorrhage, internal bleeding, uterine fibroids, vascular malformations and distended scrotal vein bleeding.
There are no comparable non-surgical alternatives to embolization. Sclerotherapy and laser phototherapy are surgical alternatives to the procedure.
Anesthesia with Embolization:
Embolization can be performed with a local anesthetic. It can also be performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Embolization:
Possible risks following embolization depend on the location of the procedure and can include metal coil displacement, organ death, miscarriage, infertility, liver failure, postembolization syndrome and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible to have a negative reaction to the dye used to locate the bleeding and for the bleeding to recur.
Prognosis after Embolization:
The prognosis for a positive end result following embolization is good.