During endotracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation is provided to a patient in a surgical or emergency scenario. A flexible laryngoscope is inserted through the mouth and the upper airway to administer oxygen.
Also Known As:
- Tracheal intubation
- ET tube
Conditions Treated with Endotracheal Intubation:
Endotracheal intubation may be used in cases of respiratory support, general anesthesia, epiglottis and upper airway obstruction.
There are no comparable non-surgical alternatives to endotracheal intubation. A tracheostomy is a surgical alternative to the procedure.
Anesthesia with Endotracheal Intubation:
Endotracheal intubation is performed under general anesthesia, if possible, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure. Sedation may also be used.
Potential Complications from Endotracheal Intubation:
Possible risks following endotracheal intubation include sore throat, swelling, tooth damage, mouth mucosa damage, voice box damage, muscle spasms, airway obstruction, bleeding, bloody cough and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible for accidental extubation to occur.