Functional neck dissection is performed to eliminate metastatic cancer of the lymph nodes. During the procedure, the metastatic lymph nodes are removed in the neck, but the regional accessory nerve, internal jugular vein and sternocleidomastoid muscle are all left preserved.
Also Known As:
- Neck dissection
- Neck surgery
Conditions Treated with Functional Neck Dissection:
Functional neck dissection is utilized to treat metastatic neck cancer to the lymph nodes in levels II, III, IV, and V.
There are no comparable non-surgical alternatives to functional neck dissection. Surgical alternatives include radical neck dissection and modified radical neck dissection.
Anesthesia with Functional Neck Dissection:
Functional neck dissection is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Functional Neck Dissection:
Possible risks of functional neck dissection include bleeding, dry mouth and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible for the veins, arteries and nerves nearby to become damaged. Patients who undergo this procedure are often at a higher risk of infection without the lymph nodes.
Recovery from Functional Neck Dissection:
The total recovery time following functional neck dissection varies according to how much tissue was removed during the procedure. In general, recovery takes two to three days.