Used for patients with congenital heart defects, the Glenn procedure redirects oxygen deficient blood from the body’s upper half to the pulmonary artery in order to carry blood to the lungs. This surgery is the second of three different procedures that are utilized to treat hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
Also Known As:
- Bi-directional Glenn procedure
Conditions Treated with the Glenn Procedure:
The Glenn procedure may be used to treat conditions such as pulmonary artery stenosis, pulmonary atresia, tricuspid atresia and hypoplastic left heart syndrome, a fatal congenital heart defect.
There are no comparable non-surgical alternatives to the Glenn procedure. A heart transplant may be used as a surgical alternative in pediatric patients.
Anesthesia with the Glenn Procedure:
The Glenn procedure is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from the Glenn Procedure:
Possible risks of the Glenn procedure include infection, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used. It is also possible for patients to experience nerve damage.
Prognosis after the Glenn Procedure:
The prognosis for a positive end result following the Glenn procedure is good. After all three surgeries are performed to treat hypoplastic left heart syndrome, the survival rate is approximately 90 percent.
Recovery from the Glenn Procedure:
The total recovery time for the Glenn procedure is six to eight weeks.