Tracheotomy is a procedure performed through the neck that creates an opening into the trachea. It is performed in order to provide emergency respiratory care or to remove a foreign body from the airway. A hole is created through the skin called a tracheostomy for the patient to breathe.
Conditions Treated with Tracheotomy:
Tracheotomy is utilized in order to remove a foreign body or to treat obstructive sleep apnea.
Non-surgical alternatives to tracheotomy include using an oral appliance, adjustable airway pressure device, or continuous positive airway pressure device. Surgical alternatives include uvulopalatoplasty, utulopalatal flap, uvulopalatopharyngoglossoplasty and maxillomandibular advancement.
Anesthesia with Tracheotomy:
Tracheotomy is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Tracheotomy:
Possible risks following tracheotomy include infection, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible for the patient to have difficulty swallowing or for the surgery to fail to correct sleep apnea.
Recovery from Tracheotomy:
The total recovery time from tracheotomy is approximately two weeks.