An arthroscopic partial knee replacement removes part of the knee joint and replaces it with parts made of plastic, metal, or ceramic for durability. This procedure is performed with a minimally invasive method that utilizes an arthroscope (a narrow tube with a video camera on its end) inserted through small incisions in order to guide the surgeon through the procedure.
Also Known As:
- Minimally invasive partial knee replacement
- Minimally invasive partial knee arthroplasty
- Arthroscopic arthroplasty of the knee-partial
- Arthroscopic unicompartmental knee replacement
- Arthroscopic unicompartmental knee arthroplasty
- Knee arthroscopy
- Arthroscopic surgery
- Knee surgery
- Knee replacement
Conditions Treated with Arthroscopic Partial Knee Replacement:
Arthroscopic partial knee replacement is utilized in order to treat knee injury, knee pain, reduced knee mobility, bow legs, and knock knees, in addition to arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis of the knee.
Non-surgical alternatives to arthroscopic partial knee replacement include pain medication, anti-inflammatory steroid injections, hyaluronic acid injections, physical therapy, strength training, weight loss and the use of a walking aid or soft knee brace. Knee fusion, osteotomy, partial knee replacement and total knee replacement are surgical alternatives.
Anesthesia with Arthroscopic Partial Knee Replacement:
Arthroscopic partial knee replacement can be performed with epidural anesthesia. It can also be performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Arthroscopic Partial Knee Replacement:
Possible risks following arthroscopic partial knee replacement include infection, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used. It is also possible for the artificial knee parts to be incorrectly positioned, for the knee to become dislocated and for there to be no improvement in mobility.
Prognosis after Arthroscopic Partial Knee Replacement:
The prognosis for a positive end result following arthroscopic partial knee replacement is good.
Recovery from Arthroscopic Partial Knee Replacement:
The total recovery time following arthroscopic partial knee replacement is six to eight weeks.