A minimally invasive procedure, arthroscopic shoulder synovectomy is the removal of the inflamed synovium, a membrane that lines the shoulder. This procedure is performed with a minimally invasive method that utilizes an arthroscope (a narrow tube with a video camera on its end) inserted through small incisions in order to guide the surgeon through the procedure.
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Conditions Treated with Arthroscopic Shoulder Synovectomy:
Arthroscopic shoulder synovectomy is performed to treat conditions such as pigmented villonodular synovitis, hemophilia and synovitis (an infection of the synovium). It can also be used to treat arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis of the shoulder.
Non-surgical alternatives to arthroscopic shoulder synovectomy can include pain medications and steroid injections. Surgical alternatives include shoulder fusion, an open shoulder synovectomy, or a complete shoulder replacement.
Anesthesia with Arthroscopic Shoulder Synovectomy:
An arthroscopic shoulder synovectomy is typically performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Arthroscopic Shoulder Synovectomy:
Some patients might experience bleeding, infection, or a negative reaction to the anesthesia. Other complications of arthroscopic shoulder synovectomy include joint scarring or little to no improvement in shoulder mobility following the procedure.
Prognosis after Arthroscopic Shoulder Synovectomy:
The prognosis for a positive end result after arthroscopic shoulder synovectomy is good. However, it is likely that the synovium will eventually become inflamed again.