During arthroscopic thumb fusion, the bones in the thumb joint are joined together permanently with screws. This locks the thumb in place in order to reduce pain. This procedure is performed with a minimally invasive method that utilizes an arthroscope (a narrow tube with a video camera on its end) inserted through small incisions in order to guide the surgeon through the procedure.
Also Known As:
- Arthroscopic joint fusion-thumb
- Arthroscopic thumb joint fusion
- Arthroscopic thumb arthrodesis
- Thumb arthroscopy
- Arthroscopic surgery
- Thumb surgery
- Thumb fusion
Conditions Treated with Arthroscopic Thumb Fusion:
Arthroscopic thumb fusion is utilized in order to treat chronic sepsis, severe thumb pain, thumb injury, and arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis of the thumb.
Non-surgical alternatives to arthroscopic thumb fusion include pain medication, anti-inflammatory steroid injections, strength training, physical therapy and the use of a thumb brace. Thumb joint replacement is a surgical alternative to the procedure.
Anesthesia with Arthroscopic Thumb Fusion:
Arthroscopic thumb fusion is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Arthroscopic Thumb Fusion:
Possible risks following arthroscopic thumb fusion include infection, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible to experience reduced mobility and for the bones to fail to fuse together.
Prognosis after Arthroscopic Thumb Fusion:
The prognosis for a positive end result following arthroscopic thumb fusion is very good. In most cases, joint pain is relieved.