Arthroscopic total knee replacement involves the removal of damaged cartilage and bone in the knee and its replacement with parts made of plastic, metal, or ceramic for durability. This procedure is performed with a minimally invasive method that utilizes an arthroscope (a narrow tube with a video camera on its end) inserted through small incisions in order to guide the surgeon through the procedure.
Also Known As:
- Minimally invasive knee replacement
- Minimally invasive knee arthroplasty
- Knee arthroscopy
- Knee surgery
- Total knee replacement
Conditions Treated with Arthroscopic Total Knee Replacement:
Symptoms and conditions that might be treated with arthroscopic total knee replacement include knee pain, limited knee mobility, or arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis of the knee. It can also be used to help patients who are bow-legged or knock-kneed.
Non-surgical alternatives to arthroscopic total knee replacement may be attempted first. These methods can include physical therapy, strength training, pain medication, steroid injections and hyaluronic acid injections. In some cases, losing weight, wearing a knee brace, or using a walking aid can be beneficial. Surgical alternatives to arthroscopic total knee replacement include osteotomy, knee fusion, and total knee replacement using an open technique.
Anesthesia with Arthroscopic Total Knee Replacement:
Arthroscopic total knee replacement is typically performed under general anesthesia or epidural anesthesia.
Potential Complications from Arthroscopic Total Knee Replacement:
Some complications may arise from arthroscopic total knee replacement. These complications can include infection, bleeding, or a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used. Some patients experience a dislocation of the artificial knee joint or find that there is no improvement in mobility following the procedure.
Prognosis after Arthroscopic Total Knee Replacement:
The prognosis for a positive end result following arthroscopic total knee replacement is good.
Recovery from Arthroscopic Total Knee Replacement:
The total recovery period for arthroscopic total knee replacement is six to eight weeks.