An involved abdominal procedure, bladder augmentation, also referred to as augmentation cystoplasty, consists of expanding the bladder. A section of the stomach or bowel is used to complete the procedure.
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Conditions Treated with Bladder Augmentation:
Bladder augmentation is utilized to treat conditions such as urinary reflux, bladder denervation, obstructive bladder and urinary incontinence. It can also be performed in order to correct a birth defect. It is typically used as a last measure of treating bladder problems.
Prior to bladder augmentation, non-surgical alternatives may be utilized. The options for non-surgical alternatives vary according to the condition, but can include medication, dietary changes, pelvic floor muscle exercises, bladder training, urethral inserts and electrical stimulation of the pelvic floor muscles. Additionally, surgical alternatives to bladder augmentation include urinary diversion, a sacral nerve stimulator, bladder neck suspension, or, for men, an artificial urinary sphincter.
Anesthesia with Bladder Augmentation:
Bladder augmentation is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Bladder Augmentation:
Complications from bladder augmentation can include gastrointestinal problems, urinary tract infections, spontaneous perforation of the bladder and injury to nearby organs. Some patients may experience bleeding, infection, or a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used.
Recovery from Bladder Augmentation:
The total recovery time for bladder augmentation is four to six weeks.