A craniotomy is an incision made through the skull in order to access the brain. A bone flap (a section of bone) is also removed and stitched back together after the procedure.
Also Known As:
• Brain surgery
• Craniotomy for brain tumors
• Skull surgery
Conditions Treated with a Craniotomy:
A craniotomy may be performed in cases of blood clots, cerebral aneurysm, abnormal blood vessels, brain abscess, severe facial or nerve pain, Chiari malformation, syringomyelia, epilepsy, brain trauma and various types of brain tumors.
There are no comparable non-surgical or surgical alternatives to a craniotomy.
Anesthesia with a Craniotomy:
A craniotomy is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from a Craniotomy:
Possible risks following a craniotomy include stroke, brain damage, coma, infection, seizures and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible to experience hemorrhage, brain swelling and cerebral vasospasm.
Recovery from a Craniotomy:
Total recovery from a craniotomy takes one to four weeks, or longer.