A minimally invasive head and neck surgery, endoscopic endonasal approach is a procedure performed through the nasal passage. It is performed in order to access the cervical spine and the base of the skull.
Also Known As:
- Head surgery
- Neck surgery
- Head and neck surgery
Conditions Treated with Endoscopic Endonasal Approach:
Endoscopic endonasal approach may be used in cases of metastatic tumors, sinus tumors, dermoid tumors, olfactory tumors, pituitary tumors, craniopharyngioma, odontoid synovial cysts, odontoid pannus, cerebral aneurysm, cerebrospinal fluid leak, basilar invagination, rheumatoid pannus, neurofibroma, craniofacial trauma, osteosarcoma of the skull, osteoma of the skull and optic nerve compression.
Chemotherapy is a non-surgical alternative to endoscopic endonasal approach in some cases. Craniotomy, stereotactic radiosurgery and stereotactic radiotherapy are surgical alternatives to the procedure.
Anesthesia with Endoscopic Endonasal Approach:
Endoscopic endonasal approach is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Endoscopic Endonasal Approach:
Possible risks following endoscopic endonasal approach include infection, bleeding, sinus damage and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. It is also possible to experience damage to the nerves, brain and other organs.
Prognosis after Endoscopic Endonasal Approach:
The prognosis for a positive end result following endoscopic endonasal approach is very good.