During endoscopic ventriculostomy, a fiber optic endoscope is inserted into the brain ventricles (brain cavity) via a hole drilled through the skull. This procedure is performed in order to diagnose and treat a variety of disorders of the ventricles.
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Conditions Treated with Endoscopic Ventriculostomy:
Endoscopic ventriculostomy may be utilized in cases of an intraventricular tumor, arachnoid cyst, ventricular shunt malfunction, and hydrocephalus. It can also be used to perform a ventricular tumor biopsy.
There are no non-surgical alternatives to endoscopic ventriculostomy. However, in some cases, a ventricular shunt replacement serves as a surgical alternative.
Anesthesia with Endoscopic Ventriculostomy:
Endoscopic ventriculostomy is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Endoscopic Ventriculostomy:
Possible risks of endoscopic ventriculostomy include ventricular bleeding, ventriculitis, brain damage and a negative reaction to the anesthesia. Other potential complications are stroke, an increase in intracranial pressure and pneumocephalus.
Prognosis after Endoscopic Ventriculostomy:
The prognosis for a positive end result following endoscopic ventriculostomy is good.