With bowel diversion surgery, an internal colo-anal pouch is created from the end part of the small intestine. This serves as a place for stool to collect and be excreted by the anus. The procedure is performed after removing all of the large intestine.
Also Known As:
- Colon surgery
- Ileoanal reservoir surgery
- Ileoanal anastomosis
Conditions Treated with Internal Colo-Anal Pouch:
An internal colo-anal pouch is utilized to treat conditions such as colorectal cancer, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis and bowel obstruction. It is also used following injury to the large intestine and infection or trauma to the abdomen.
There are no non-surgical alternatives to internal colo-anal pouch. Surgical alternatives to the procedure include continent ileostomy, ileostomy and colostomy.
Anesthesia with Internal Colo-Anal Pouch:
Internal colo-anal pouch is performed under general anesthesia, which means that the patient is asleep and completely unaware during the procedure.
Potential Complications from Internal Colo-Anal Pouch:
Possible risks following internal colo-anal pouch include infection, bleeding and a negative reaction to the anesthesia that is used. It is also possible for patients to experience an incisional hernia.
Prognosis after Internal Colo-Anal Pouch:
The prognosis for a positive end result following internal colo-anal pouch is good. However, the patient can expect to experience watery stools several times throughout the day.